THE purposes of the National Society, Sons of the
American Revolution are patriotic, historical and educational. Its object
is to perpetuate the memory of individuals who, by their services or sacrifices
during the war of the American Revolution, achieved the independence of the
WE welcome you to the web site of the New Mexico Society, Sons of the American
Revolution. The Compatriots of the NMSSAR invite you to join our ranks as
we strive to keep patriotism and the memory of our Revolutionary War heritage
burning in the hearts and minds of every American, young and old.
THE NMSSAR sponsors events throughout the year, including: oratory and essay
contests for young people; awards programs honoring Eagle Scouts, ROTC members
and educators, law enforcement and fire safety personnel, and veterans and
service personnel; and, ceremonies honoring our flag and the patriots of the
Descendants (Anglo, Spanish American, or any other ethnicity) of the men who
fought in the Revolution and/or supported the Revolution are welcome to join
the Sons of the American Revolution here in New Mexico. We have about 100
members in the state and our chapters are open to all who can qualify.
Note: Female descendants of those individuals are eligible to join our
sister organization, the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR).
Although not commonly known, Spain and NEW MEXICO were involved in the American
Revolutionary War. Consequently the present king of Spain and his son
are members of the SAR, as well as the descendants of Lafayette in France and
those of Bernardo de Galvez of Spain who captured Pensacola, Florida from the
British on May 9, 1781, and for whom Galveston Bay and Galveston, Texas are
In March of 1780 Carlos III of Spain decreed that “his vassals in America
contribute a one-time donation of one peso ($30.00 in present value) per Indian
and other castes and two pesos ($60.00) for each Spaniard and noble, to sustain
the present war,” Spain had declared war on Great Britain in 1779 in
support of the war for American independence from Britain following extensive
covert assistance as early as 1777. In early August, 1780, the commandant
of the Internal Provinces of northern New Spain, Teodoro Cavellero De Croix,
advised the governor of New Mexico, Juan Bautista de Anza, to begin collecting
the tax. The soldiers at the several Presidios in New Mexico (and other
Presidios in California, Texas and Arizona) supported the Revolution by giving
up one Peso of their pay, it is alleged to fund the refitting of the French
fleet that lay at anchor at Cuba’s port. The French fleet sailed to block
the English fleet at Yorktown and held the English fleet at bay resulting in
Cornwallis’s surrender at Yorktown. Without the Spanish support the
battle of Yorktown may well have not been the great victory that it was.
After the war it was officially reported that 3,677 pesos ($110,000 present
value) from New Mexico had been collected. (We have a member who could
document that his ancestor paid that tax and thereby supported our Revolution.)
(Our Spaniard Membership page can direct you to
a list of those tax payers, as well as information on how to join via Spanish
The colors on New Mexico's state flag
are the red and yellow of old Spain. The simple, elegant center design is the
ancient Zia sun symbol, which represents the unique character of New Mexico (the
Zia sun symbol also appears on New Mexico's state quarter).
The Zia Indians of New Mexico regard the
Sun as sacred. Their symbol for the sun (a red circle with groups of rays
pointing in four directions) is painted on ceremonial vases, drawn on the
ground around campfires, and used to introduce newborns to the Sun.
Four is the sacred number of the Zia and
is seen repeated in the four points radiating from the circle, each consisting
of four bars. To the Zia Indians, the number four represents:
the four points
of the compass (east, west, north, and south);
the four seasons
of the year (spring, summer, autumn, and winter);
the four periods
of each day (morning, noon, evening, and night);
the four seasons
of life (childhood, youth, middle years, and old age);
the Zia's belief
that with life comes four sacred obligations: one must develop a strong body, a
clear mind, a pure spirit, and a devotion to the welfare of others.
1920, the Daughters of the American Revolution, who had been quite involved
with the official state flag designations in other states, suggested that a new
design be adopted that was more representative of the unique character of New
Mexico. This idea had many supporters and, as had been done in other states, a
design competition was launched. The winner was Dr. Harry Mera, a Santa Fe
physician and archeologist. The flag was constructed by Dr. Mera's wife, Reba.
simple and meaningful design features an interpretation of an ancient symbol of
the sun as found on a late 19th century water jar from Zia Pueblo. This red
symbol is called a "Zia" and is centered on a field of yellow.